# IntervalExpression¶

class hail.expr.IntervalExpression[source]

Expression of type tinterval.

>>> interval = hl.interval(3, 11)
>>> locus_interval = hl.parse_locus_interval("1:53242-90543")


Attributes

 dtype The data type of the expression. end Returns the end point. includes_end True if the interval includes the end point. includes_start True if the interval includes the start point. start Returns the start point.

Methods

 contains Tests whether a value is contained in the interval. overlaps True if the the supplied interval contains any value in common with this one.
__eq__(other)

Returns True if the two expressions are equal.

Examples

>>> x = hl.literal(5)
>>> y = hl.literal(5)
>>> z = hl.literal(1)

>>> hl.eval(x == y)
True

>>> hl.eval(x == z)
False


Notes

This method will fail with an error if the two expressions are not of comparable types.

Parameters

other (Expression) – Expression for equality comparison.

Returns

BooleanExpressionTrue if the two expressions are equal.

__ge__(other)

Return self>=value.

__gt__(other)

Return self>value.

__le__(other)

Return self<=value.

__lt__(other)

Return self<value.

__ne__(other)

Returns True if the two expressions are not equal.

Examples

>>> x = hl.literal(5)
>>> y = hl.literal(5)
>>> z = hl.literal(1)

>>> hl.eval(x != y)
False

>>> hl.eval(x != z)
True


Notes

This method will fail with an error if the two expressions are not of comparable types.

Parameters

other (Expression) – Expression for inequality comparison.

Returns

BooleanExpressionTrue if the two expressions are not equal.

collect(_localize=True)

Collect all records of an expression into a local list.

Examples

Collect all the values from C1:

>>> table1.C1.collect()
[2, 2, 10, 11]


Warning

Extremely experimental.

Warning

The list of records may be very large.

Returns

list

contains(value)[source]

Tests whether a value is contained in the interval.

Examples

>>> hl.eval(interval.contains(3))
True

>>> hl.eval(interval.contains(11))
False

Parameters

value – Object with type matching the interval point type.

Returns

BooleanExpressionTrue if value is contained in the interval, False otherwise.

describe(handler=<built-in function print>)

Print information about type, index, and dependencies.

property dtype

The data type of the expression.

Returns

HailType

property end

Returns the end point.

Examples

>>> hl.eval(interval.end)
11

Returns

Expression

export(path, delimiter='\t', missing='NA', header=True)

Export a field to a text file.

Examples

>>> small_mt.GT.export('output/gt.tsv')
>>> with open('output/gt.tsv', 'r') as f:
...     for line in f:
...         print(line, end='')
locus   alleles 0       1       2       3
1:1     ["A","C"]       0/1     0/1     0/0     0/0
1:2     ["A","C"]       1/1     0/1     1/1     1/1
1:3     ["A","C"]       1/1     0/1     0/1     0/0
1:4     ["A","C"]       1/1     0/1     1/1     1/1

>>> small_mt.GT.export('output/gt-no-header.tsv', header=False)
>>> with open('output/gt-no-header.tsv', 'r') as f:
...     for line in f:
...         print(line, end='')
1:1     ["A","C"]       0/1     0/1     0/0     0/0
1:2     ["A","C"]       1/1     0/1     1/1     1/1
1:3     ["A","C"]       1/1     0/1     0/1     0/0
1:4     ["A","C"]       1/1     0/1     1/1     1/1

>>> small_mt.pop.export('output/pops.tsv')
>>> with open('output/pops.tsv', 'r') as f:
...     for line in f:
...         print(line, end='')
sample_idx      pop
0       2
1       2
2       0
3       2

>>> small_mt.ancestral_af.export('output/ancestral_af.tsv')
>>> with open('output/ancestral_af.tsv', 'r') as f:
...     for line in f:
...         print(line, end='')
locus   alleles ancestral_af
1:1     ["A","C"]       5.3905e-01
1:2     ["A","C"]       8.6768e-01
1:3     ["A","C"]       4.3765e-01
1:4     ["A","C"]       7.6300e-01

>>> mt = small_mt
>>> small_mt.bn.export('output/bn.tsv')
>>> with open('output/bn.tsv', 'r') as f:
...     for line in f:
...         print(line, end='')
bn
{"n_populations":3,"n_samples":4,"n_variants":4,"n_partitions":8,"pop_dist":[1,1,1],"fst":[0.1,0.1,0.1],"mixture":false}


Notes

For entry-indexed expressions, if there is one column key field, the result of calling str() on that field is used as the column header. Otherwise, each compound column key is converted to JSON and used as a column header. For example:

>>> small_mt = small_mt.key_cols_by(s=small_mt.sample_idx, family='fam1')
>>> with open('output/gt-no-header.tsv', 'r') as f:
...     for line in f:
...         print(line, end='')
locus   alleles {"s":0,"family":"fam1"} {"s":1,"family":"fam1"} {"s":2,"family":"fam1"} {"s":3,"family":"fam1"}
1:1     ["A","C"]       0/1     0/1     0/0     0/0
1:2     ["A","C"]       1/1     0/1     1/1     1/1
1:3     ["A","C"]       1/1     0/1     0/1     0/0
1:4     ["A","C"]       1/1     0/1     1/1     1/1

Parameters
property includes_end

True if the interval includes the end point.

Examples

>>> hl.eval(interval.includes_end)
False

Returns

BooleanExpression

property includes_start

True if the interval includes the start point.

Examples

>>> hl.eval(interval.includes_start)
True

Returns

BooleanExpression

overlaps(interval)[source]

True if the the supplied interval contains any value in common with this one.

Examples

>>> hl.eval(interval.overlaps(hl.interval(5, 9)))
True

>>> hl.eval(interval.overlaps(hl.interval(11, 20)))
False

Parameters

interval (Expression with type tinterval) – Interval object with the same point type.

Returns

BooleanExpression

show(n=None, width=None, truncate=None, types=True, handler=None, n_rows=None, n_cols=None)

Print the first few records of the expression to the console.

If the expression refers to a value on a keyed axis of a table or matrix table, then the accompanying keys will be shown along with the records.

Examples

>>> table1.SEX.show()
+-------+-----+
|    ID | SEX |
+-------+-----+
| int32 | str |
+-------+-----+
|     1 | "M" |
|     2 | "M" |
|     3 | "F" |
|     4 | "F" |
+-------+-----+

>>> hl.literal(123).show()
+--------+
| <expr> |
+--------+
|  int32 |
+--------+
|    123 |
+--------+


Notes

The output can be passed piped to another output source using the handler argument:

>>> ht.foo.show(handler=lambda x: logging.info(x))

Parameters
• n (int) – Maximum number of rows to show.

• width (int) – Horizontal width at which to break columns.

• truncate (int, optional) – Truncate each field to the given number of characters. If None, truncate fields to the given width.

• types (bool) – Print an extra header line with the type of each field.

property start

Returns the start point.

Examples

>>> hl.eval(interval.start)
3

Returns

Expression

summarize(handler=None)

Compute and print summary information about the expression.

Danger

This functionality is experimental. It may not be tested as well as other parts of Hail and the interface is subject to change.

take(n, _localize=True)

Collect the first n records of an expression.

Examples

Take the first three rows:

>>> table1.X.take(3)
[5, 6, 7]


Warning

Extremely experimental.

Parameters

n (int) – Number of records to take.

Returns

list